Smart City Developer Dictionary
CollectIon of short definitions
This article collects short definitions about every aspect of the smart city, every new and innovative technology, solution, and principle that may be used in the development of our cities, our business, and maybe ourselves. Glossary, dictionary, terms.
A – like Absolute
Absolute in meaning related to smart cities is about to make things around cities and processes of infrastructure as closest to the absolute order as possible.
Apps (application programs) – Different programs are used to work with different types of information. The totality of software thatRead more.
Aquaponics is a combined method of growing fish and plants together in a recirculating ecosystem using natural bacterial cycles toRead more.
What is alternative energy? Energy resources are divided into non-renewable and renewable according to their ability to be obtained quicklyRead more.
Advanced Message Queuing Protocol (AMQP) - is an open application layer protocol for message-oriented middleware with a focus on queuing,Read more.
Application agents help address the lack of overhead for an end-to-end, peer-to-peer network in an IoT architecture. They help manageRead more.
B – like Bee
Bee is one of the most interesting self-organized structures in the world. This behavior makes bee smart with the most efficient infrastructure and communication with the lowest consumption of energy. Interesting, isn’t it?
Biodiversity characterizes the entire diversity of life forms on our planet. This is why it is also known as biodiversityRead more.
biophilic design is an innovative method of design that incorporates elements of nature into modern design to help restore andRead more.
Bike share innovative transportation programs that are ideal for short-distance trips provided users the ability to pick up a bikeRead more.
bike barometer – a device that uses sensors that are calibrated to be triggered by bikes, not cars or pedestrians,Read more.
Bifurcation is applied to the mathematical study of dynamical systems; a bifurcation occurs when a small smooth change made toRead more.
Biomimicry is the science of applying nature-inspired designs in human engineering and invention to solve human problems.Read more.
A city that contains abundant nature; care about, seek to protect, restore and grow this nature, and that strive toRead more.
C – like Cycle
The cycle is the most important part of continuous development. Doing things in a cycle cause a repetitive effect that allows improving innovation. Cycle allows continuously remove problems caused by changes of the previous cycle.
Compact city – An urban planning and urban design concept, which promotes relatively high residential density with mixed land uses.Read more.
Carbon tax – A tax on fossil fuels, especially those used by motor vehicles, intended to reduce the emission ofRead more.
Chirps – Lighter, purpose-built protocols that allow “things” in the IoT to communicate and exchange information. They are designed forRead more.
A connected device (or smart device) is an electronic device, generally connected to other devices or networks, that can operateRead more.
D – like Deep
As deepest is the participation of three key parties in the development of their city, so better the quality of final results is. The key participant of Smart City development committee is Government, Citizens, and Business.
Data collection methods
Information collection methods Despite the huge variety of research methods and techniques, the general scheme of activities implemented in theRead more.
Direct Messaging is a messaging mechanism in which the sender and receiver are connected by caches and can exchange messagesRead more.
Data Center is a high-tech space, the space of which is filled with telecommunication equipment and other devices, thanks toRead more.
The use of information and communication technologies to improve the activities of public sector organisations. Some definitions restrict...Read more.
Data lakes and data warehouses are widely used for storing big data, but they are not interchangeable terms. A dataRead more.
Since demand for district heating is lower in the warm months of the year, redundant waste heat is fed throughRead more.
In district heating systems, the heat produced as a by-product of power generation and waste incineration is generally transported using...Read more.
Digital twins are virtual simulations of physical objects and systems. They model the properties and behavior of these real-world objects...Read more.
E – like Environment
The environment in Smart Cities is the natural part of the planet. To make the city sustainable and citizens life quality on the highest possible level, the environment is the key part with the most sensitive monitoring.
Ecotourism is nature-based tourism that includes environmental education and awareness programs and is conducted by the principles of environmental sustainability.Read more.
Features of an eco-city. A sustainable, stable, or ecological city is built to minimize the negative impact on the environment.Read more.
What is an electric vehicle? There are probably fewer and fewer people in today’s world who have never heard ofRead more.
Edge Layer An architectural shift in IoT that breaks the norm of the traditional client-server model. The edge layer isRead more.
Dynamic pricing also referred to as demand-based pricing, is a pricing strategy in which flexible prices for products or servicesRead more.
Environmental health is the study of how environmental factors can harm human health and how to identify, prevent, and controlRead more.
Edge Gateway is the connecting factor between analytical devices and cloud data processing and analysis. A virtual router that connectsRead more.
Expert review – method and decision based on the personal opinion of the expert. The expert evaluation method is partRead more.
Embedded devices/systems: a computer with a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or electrical system. They are usually embedded asRead more.
F – like Friendly
Smart Cities development is a step in the evolution of cities to deliver higher life quality to citizens. When life comfort is on a higher level, people are more conscious and friendly. The key aspects of the global piece.
First and last mile
First and last-mile – gaps in public transit require individuals to use other forms of transportation such as driving theirRead more.
Fleet Management: In IoT terms, fleet management deals with concepts such as automatic vehicle tracking. What is fleet management? FleetRead more.
Food desert, also calls a food mile occurs when residents live more than one mile from a supermarket or largeRead more.
Fresh air corridor
Zones that are kept undeveloped provide inner-city districts with a circulating supply of fresh air. Development in these zones...Read more.
Final Energy Consumption
Final energy is the energy generated from converting primary energy sources, such as coal, lignite, crude oil, natural gas, hydropower,...Read more.
G – like Global
Global Smart Cities strategy to open the possibility to learn from lessons of other cities. The global strategy of Smart Cities is the most effective tool to reach environmental sustainability in minimal time consumption.
Geofencing is a simple but very useful localization solution. This option creates certain zones, the crossing of which can beRead more.
Green camouflage, sometimes greenwashing, is a form of environmental marketing that makes extensive use of “green” PR and techniques thatRead more.
Green building – an environmentally sustainable building, designed, constructed, and operated to minimize the total environmental impacts. The ideology ofRead more.
Green building materials
Green building materials – Composed of renewable and/or recycled materials, rather than nonrenewable resources. What kinds of green building materialsRead more.
Geo-tagging – this is the addition of geographic metadata to devices, which helps identify them on the network. Is aRead more.
Greenscape – an area of vegetation in an urban area set aside for aesthetic or recreational purposes. “The function ofRead more.
Gateway: any point where information passes through devices on an IoT network. So it can be virtual software or realRead more.
H – like Healthy
Smart Cities are healthy cities. Healthy and natural environment, with satisfied and healthy citizens. It is the way of global development direction, although, probably these days this aspect pretty lag…
A hybrid car is a vehicle that is powered simultaneously by an internal combustion engine and an electric motor. InRead more.
Haze Computing – A dynamic model for analytics applications in which the application from the data source analyzes a pooledRead more.
Home automation: a combination of hardware and software solutions that enable the control and management of electronics, appliances, and devicesRead more.
Health disparities are preventable differences in the burden of disease,injury, violence, or opportunities to achieve optimal health that are experiencedRead more.
Health equity is achieved when every person has the opportunity to attain his or her full health potential and noRead more.
Hyper-local data refers to the data that is more specific and relates to a smaller geographical area than 'local' data.Read more.
Heat pumps take heat energy from water, the ground, or the air, bring it to a usable temperature, and transferRead more.
I – like Individual
The individual does not mean separate. Smart Cities should open the possibility for individual ideas with the collective support of the idea application. In history, all inventions have been found mainly by individuals.
iBeacon technology is a promising development from Apple, designed to transmit a Bluetooth signal to devices within the range ofRead more.
IIoT – from the English Industrial IoT. Loosely translated the Internet of Things is for industrial use. From the deploymentRead more.
Inclusivity an intention or policy of including people who might otherwise be excluded or marginalized, such as those who areRead more.
Instrumentation is a collective term for measuring instruments used for indicating, measuring, and recording physical quantities. Field of science andRead more.
State where things, for example, objects, environments, vehicles, and clothing have more and more information associated with them and may...Read more.
Information and Communications Technology (ICT) refers to the integration of telecommunications, computers, and associated enterprise...Read more.
Refers to the combination of multiple modes of transport in a seamless travel chain, e.g. traveling to the rail orRead more.
J – like Joy
Did you ever make something important or interesting without the Joy of that? Impossible. Great things are born only when the individual or collective feel Joyful. Smart Cities’ strategy should follow this development constraint.
Joke – a short, humorous story with a word or phrase that ends it and causes laughter. Research into theRead more.
Joy the emotion of great delight or happiness caused by something exceptionally good or satisfyingRead more.
K – like key
The Key of Smart City is the highest quality of infrastructure, the most natural environment, the most sustainable usage of resources, and the happiest citizens living in the city.
Keenness has a great ability to see clearly and understand. Very sensitive, responsive, or alert.Read more.
Keeper – a person who owns or operates a business (usually used in combination): A person who assumes responsibility forRead more.
L – like Liology
Liology, or often also called Li is a Chinese ancient study about the geometry of nature. This geometry should be used in future cities development as it is self-organized, the most efficient, and with the lowest energy consumption. Everything in nature is constructed in the logic of these geometry principles.
living building – a concept that uses nature as the ultimate measuring stick for a building’s performance.Read more.
Low-Power Devices: electronics that have been designed to consume less energy than traditional devices. This is essential to the futureRead more.
Logo – a specially designed original lettering of the full or abbreviated name of a company or a group ofRead more.
low carbon city
A low-carbon city reduces its carbon footprint by focusing on renewable energy and mitigation measures. The “green” aspects of comprehensiveRead more.
LPWAN Low Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN) is a type of wireless telecommunication wide area network. It facilitates long-range communicationsRead more.
M – like Matter
In the current strategies this is not an aspect of the discussion, although, with the transition of human-thinking in quantum logic, the matter and anti-matter should become part of Smart Cities development logic.
Message protocols: a way of transferring and communicating information between devices, the cloud, and the data store. Different protocols areRead more.
Monitoring – the act of periodically checking processes, equipment, and environment to detect any changes *NOTE: Checking can include processRead more.
Multi-modal transport – simply a system that facilitates various transport options, such as cycling, bus, light rail, train, ferry, orRead more.
The CIO is responsible for collecting the city’s information, and making it available to decision-makers, residents, and partners.Read more.
Services that municipalities provide depend partly on the size of the town or city but typically include a school system,Read more.
Refers to the routine use of different modes of transport for different journeys over a specific period, which usually variesRead more.
Internet-based platforms allow transport providers to be accessed at any time. From basic travel information and booking through to...Read more.
N – like Neutral
Neural systems from the micro and macro perspective are the decentralized system of organization and communication between units in cities, as well from a global perspective. It is the fastest connection between N-units.
NB-IoT network for data transmission. Like LoRa or SigFox, it focuses on maximizing the efficiency of data transmission. The batteriesRead more.
The difficulty to comprehend the fact that a disaster is occurring. Two misconceptions work against this principle and lead toRead more.
O – like Open
A modern city development gets in the principles of open policies. the open and transparent approach gives the possibility to share lessons learned between cities and countries and gives an advantage of higher development speed.
Open Standards for software interoperability, data and document formats *NOTE: According to the UK Government, an open standard will exhibitRead more.
Open data – data that is freely available for everyone to use without copyright, patent, or other restrictions. The termRead more.
Open Governance Strategy
Open government initiatives are “actions undertaken by the government, or by a single public institution, to achieve specific objectives in...Read more.
Open government data
Open government data are data collected by the public administration – including, e.g., geodata, traffic data, and environmental, budget,...Read more.
P – like Proactive
The proactive approach uses predictive models, these days with the application of machine learning and artificial intelligence tools. Proactive management of cities allows to make an action before, rather than reactive that’s more costly and with higher consumption of physical or mental resource energy.
Predictive analysis – statistical techniques such as predictive modeling, machine learning, and data mining to analyze data and make predictions.Read more.
High albedo pavement
High albedo concrete is a special type of pavement that reflects more light than dark-colored materials due to its lighterRead more.
Statistical and analytical techniques used to develop models that predict future events or behaviours. The form of these predictive models...Read more.
Q – Quantum
Future connection, communication, and interaction between elements of global infrastructure are in the quantum technologies and people progress on the quantum-based physical laws use in a commercial environment.
Quickly – done, proceeding, or occurring with promptness or rapidity.Read more.
Quantum computing is a type of computation that harnesses the collective properties of quantum states, such as superposition, interference, ...Read more.
Quality of life
A broad multidimensional concept that usually includes subjective evaluations of both positive and negative aspects of life.Read more.
R – like Responsible
Smart City project implementation relies on the responsible participation of every human being connected or even not connected in the process of global cities development.
Enterprise IoT (EIoT) refers to all devices that are used in enterprise and business environments, where they are typically partRead more.
Rails to trails
Rails to trails the conversion of a disused railway into a multi-use path. Such trails emerge from the organized transformationRead more.
One that has developed capacities to help absorb future shocks and stresses to its social, economic, and technical systems andRead more.
Responsibilities of City
Responsibilities City responsibilities are key domains within which city governments and their private sector partners provide services to...Read more.
This term defines energy sources that are constantly renewed or replenished and hence are permanently available. Renewables include sunlightRead more.
S – like Sustainable
Sustainable resource usage is the global strategy of production and consumption management. Sustainable cities are cities that are self-sufficient to operate with their own production and efficient external resource in/out cycle.
Solar power is one of the largest alternative energy and renewable energy sources (RES) segments. Today, it is customary toRead more.
Smart grid – electricity network that uses ICT to integrate the actions of all users connected to it – generators,Read more.
Sustainability – the maintenance and betterment of the ecological, social, and economic health of a city. “Sustainability” is a completelyRead more.
Solar city – a city actively using solar energy to reduce or replace fossil fuels. An American energy company basedRead more.
Smart networks a network that contains built-in diagnostics, management, fault tolerance, and other capabilities to prevent downtime and maintain efficientRead more.
Sense of place
Sense of place is either the intrinsic character of a place, or the meaning people give to it, but, moreRead more.
Smart City terminus
Today, almost half of the world's population lives in cities and the number of urban residents is constantly increasing.Read more.
The sensor is an electronic component, module, or subsystem is used to detect events, triggers, or changes in the surroundingRead more.
T – like Territorial
Continents, Territories, Countries, Cities, and Villages – all these segments participate in the global cities’ development strategy. Developing their infrastructure from a technology and social perspective.
One connected technology solution that plays a significant role in the development of smart cities is vehicle telematics.Read more.
U – like Unique
Every city is unique and every city has it’s own historical, geo-cultural, infrastructure, and social specifics. All these aspects are part of tracking the smart cities’ infrastructure quality.
UNB network is a type of LPWAN pioneered by Telensa to connect smart city sensors and controls at low costRead more.
Urban data platform
Urban data platform – provides a cohesive digital environment for the aggregation of data across multiple geographic areas or civicRead more.
Urbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban areas, the gradual increase in the proportion of people livingRead more.
Urban ecology is the scientific study of the relation of living organisms with each other and their surroundings in theRead more.
Integrated vision and action lead to the resolution of urban problems and which seeks to bring about a lasting improvementRead more.
Densely built-up urban areas are vast “repositories” or “banks” of raw materials. Urban mining is a concept for the systematicRead more.
Generic term for different types of primary food production in urban conurbations and their immediate hinterland...Read more.
V – like Virtual
Virtualization of cities’, industrials’, and infrastructure and resources give an advantage of extreme optimization of qualification management and bring cities, services, and product development speed. Deliver better products and services across continents.
Vibration energy harvesting is the technique to scavenge energy from unwanted vibration occurrences in the environment.Read more.
A visionary is someone with a strong vision of the future. Since such visions aren't always accurate, a visionary's ideasRead more.
W – like World
The world becomes smarter through technologies, innovation, but mainly through a consciousness of people by their natural evolution. People are getting smarter, and naturally, also cities and the environment around become better.
Waste-to-energy incineration of municipal solid waste that then uses the energy (in the form of heat) to produce electricity and/orRead more.
Routes designed to facilitate the migration and free movement of wildlife in and around urban areas, i.e. green belts, landRead more.
A measure of the viability of a smart city application relating to economic competitiveness and productivity.Read more.
X – like Xenogeny
Xeonegny – production of offspring completely unlike either parent. Smart Cities of the future relates to every of the next generation. Experiments in Smart Cities of these days develop a strategy for these, but mainly next generation. Smart Cities – it is education for better development of cities and the world.
Xenocurrency – a currency that trades in foreign markets. For example, Euros trade in American markets, making the Euro aRead more.
Y – like You
I and You are about the interaction and connection quality between us. Mental and physical interaction in human understanding is very similar to the organization of the macro-infrastructure of these days.
Yupcap – stands for Young Urban Professionals Who Can’t Afford Property. Yupcaps are usually in their 20s and early 30s.Read more.
Yield – the earnings are generated and realized on an investment over a particular period. Year to date (YTD) refersRead more.
Z – like Zero
Zero-emission, zero waste, zero-carbon, zero negative around us, and zero impact to the environment self-organized infrastructure are the environment keys of Smart Cities development strategy.
Zero carbon city
A zero-carbon city runs entirely on renewable energy; it has no carbon footprint and will in this respect not causeRead more.
Zero waste city
To keep up with the times and modern minimalist design that features spaciousness and easy maintenance, try to keep onlyRead more.
Zero energy city
A city with zero net energy consumption, meaning the total amount of energy used by the city on an annualRead more.