Global democracy - one state for the whole planet
With the rapid development of technology, we can be sure that in the near future states may already be operating in new ways. Below are a few examples of possible variants of power on our planet that may become a reality.
Global democracy – one state for the whole planet
Not exactly a new form of state, but rather one that is already known, but bloated to unprecedented proportions. Global democracy will be based on one world state operating on liberal and democratic principles. Many scholars think that the emergence of such a state is quite possible – after all, there are already a huge number of worldwide initiatives and organizations that operate and stand above individual governments. Economic and cultural globalization is in full swing, so that leaves political globalization; a world parliament no longer seems like such a crazy idea. History shows that humanity and individual civilizations in principle aspire to the disappearance of borders: we can think of the unification of China during the Qin dynasty, the emergence of the United States of America or the European Union. But in order to unite mankind into a single state, one big, common problem is enough – global warming could be it.
On the other hand
One government for the whole planet
The concept of “world government” refers to the idea of uniting all of humanity under one common political authority. Such a phenomenon may never have existed in world history, but projects of unified global political power have been nurtured since ancient times, in the ambitions of kings, popes and emperors, in the dreams of poets and philosophers.
Some are guided by negative considerations and see world government as the final solution to old and new problems of humanity, such as wars, the development of weapons of mass destruction, global poverty and inequality, and environmental degradation. Others draw on positive considerations and see world government as a proper reflection of the unity of the cosmos, governed by reason or God. Proponents of world government have historically disagreed on what form it should take. While medieval thinkers advocated a world government headed by a single monarch or emperor with supreme authority over inferior rulers, modern proponents of world government generally do not support the absolute destruction of the system of sovereign states, but suggest progressive changes in the structure of international institutions toward world federalism or cosmopolitan democracy.
Critics of world government raise three main objections to the feasibility, desirability and necessity of shared global political power.
- The realist argument advanced by contemporary political “realists” is that world government is not feasible.
- Even if world government proves to be a feasible political project, it may not be desirable.
- Contemporary liberal theorists argue that the existence of a world government in the form of a global leviathan with supreme legislative, executive, judicial and coercive powers is not at all necessary to solve problems such as war, global poverty and ecological disaster.