Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir announced that after two civil wars, the southern region of Sudan will secede from the northern region on July 9. What must the new Republic of South Sudan do to establish itself as a country, and how will it become the 193rd member state of the UN?

Here are three simple steps are how to become an independent country:

Step 1 Declare independence

To establish a new country, the country must first satisfy the international laws and rules that all free countries generally acknowledge and follow set forth by the Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States, adopted in 1933.

The Montevideo Convention requires that a country must declare its intentions, which Southern Sudan did when a January referendum let the world know that people in the region plan to secede from its northern counterpart this summer. New countries are also required to exist within a clearly defined territory, and South Sudan’s ongoing dispute with Northern Sudan over the two nations’ official boundaries could hamper that process.

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