Smart City Developer Dictionary

This article collects short definitions about every aspect of the smart city, every new and innovative technology, solution, and principle that may be used in the development of our cities, our business, and maybe ourselves. Glossary, dictionary, terms.

A – like Absolute

Absolute in meaning related to smart cities is about to make things around cities and processes of infrastructure as closest to the absolute order as possible.

Agritecture is the art, science, and practice of incorporating agriculture into the built environment. The principles of the new typology...
Ambient energy
Ambient energy refers to energy extracted with heat pumps from the environment (ground, air, and water) for space heating.
An application programming interface (API) is a set of definitions, protocols, and tools for building application software and connect...
Automated or Autonomous vehicles
Vehicles, mobile robots, and driverless transport systems are largely autonomous in their operation. The level of automation varies...
Adapting Infrastructure to Climate Change
This program implementing concrete measures to mitigate overheating in the summer months as provided in the Urban Heat islands.
Active and Assisted Living (AAL)
ICT-based solutions to enhance the autonomy of elderly people. The aim is to maintain and promote an independent...

B – like Bee

Bee is one of the most interesting self-organized structures in the world. This behavior makes bee smart with the most efficient infrastructure and communication with the lowest consumption of energy. Interesting, isn’t it?

Bike signal head
A traffic control device, exclusively for bicycles, is used at an existing conventional traffic signal to improve safety, guidance,...
Big Data
Big data refers to the collection of data sets that are so large and complex that it’s difficult to capture,
Building Information Modelling (BIM)
An innovative digital modeling tool for planning, executing and managing a construction project across the project lifecycle.

C – like Cycle

The cycle is the most important part of continuous development. Doing things in a cycle cause a repetitive effect that allows improving innovation. Cycle allows continuously remove problems caused by changes of the previous cycle.

Community Farm Alliance
A community organization strategy for connecting local farmers with the community by creating a direct local market.
Continuous Delivery
Continuous delivery is an extension of continuous integration since it automatically deploys all code changes to the testing and...
Continuous Innovation Process
Continuous innovation is modest, gradational, ongoing upgrades or enhancements of existing technologies or products; continuous innovation...
City 4.0
City 4.0 is about Digitalization. Digitalization will improve a city's productivity, fast growth, and drive economic activities.
CO2 (Carbon dioxide)
Carbon dioxide, the most important greenhouse gas, mainly results from the incineration of fossil fuels, coal, petroleum, and natural gas.
Climate Protection Program
The City Council adopted the first KliP Vienna back in 1999, to run until 2009. The sequel, KliP II, runs
Clean Energy Package for All Europeans
The legislative package agreed by the EU comprises a series of key energy and climate policy regulations: a new version

D – like Deep

As deepest is the participation of three key parties in the development of their city, so better the quality of final results is. The key participant of Smart City development committee is Government, Citizens, and Business.

Digital Government
The use of information and communication technologies to improve the activities of public sector organisations. Some definitions restrict...
Data lake
Data lakes and data warehouses are widely used for storing big data, but they are not interchangeable terms. A data
District cooling
Since demand for district heating is lower in the warm months of the year, redundant waste heat is fed through
District heating
In district heating systems, the heat produced as a by-product of power generation and waste incineration is generally transported using...
Digital twin
Digital twins are virtual simulations of physical objects and systems. They model the properties and behavior of these real-world objects...
Digital building technology
Also known as Smart building technology or Building automation. Building technology refers to equipment used to control and regulate...
Deep Learning and Machine Learning
Machine learning is an application of artificial intelligence which develops algorithms that can learn and improve from “experience .”
Deep geothermal energy
The utilization of the natural heat found beneath the earth’s surface at depths of between 400m and several thousand meters.
Decarbonization pathway
Describes the processes involved in transitioning to a low-carbon – and ultimately zero-carbon – economy and includes carbon-saving...

E – like Environment

The environment in Smart Cities is the natural part of the planet. To make the city sustainable and citizens life quality on the highest possible level, the environment is the key part with the most sensitive monitoring.

EU Emissions Trading System
The EU-wide Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) was established in 2005. An emission allowance must be surrendered for every tonne
European Climate Alliance
The European Climate Alliance brings together 1,700 member municipalities and districts covering 26 European countries and various...
In concrete terms, e-government uses information and communication technologies (ICT) by public administrations, in combination with...
Ecological footprint
A sustainability indicator that shows the amount of land needed to support an individual’s lifestyle in terms of food, consumer

F – like Friendly

Smart Cities development is a step in the evolution of cities to deliver higher life quality to citizens. When life comfort is on a higher level, people are more conscious and friendly. The key aspects of the global piece.

Food desert
Food desert, also calls a food mile occurs when residents live more than one mile from a supermarket or large
Fresh air corridor
Zones that are kept undeveloped provide inner-city districts with a circulating supply of fresh air. Development in these zones...
Final Energy Consumption
Final energy is the energy generated from converting primary energy sources, such as coal, lignite, crude oil, natural gas, hydropower,...

G – like Global

Global Smart Cities strategy to open the possibility to learn from lessons of other cities. The global strategy of Smart Cities is the most effective tool to reach environmental sustainability in minimal time consumption.

Green Deal
Europe has a plan to become a technological and ecological leader in the world because, like many other countries China,
Gross Regional Product
The regional equivalent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). It is usually presented in nominal terms using the market prices of
Grey energy
Grey energy refers to the (considerable) amounts of energy consumed (and the respective “grey” CO2 emissions produced) over the entire...
These days, traditional forms of government are no longer sufficient to ensure effective use of the volume and variety of
Gender pay gap
The gender pay gap is the percentage difference between the average earnings of men and women.
Gender mainstreaming
Gender mainstreaming is a gender equality strategy. Differences in social status and structural inequalities between women and men are...
Gender budgeting
Gender budgeting is the finance policy tool of the gender mainstreaming strategy. It aims to incorporate a gender perspective at

H – like Healthy

Smart Cities are healthy cities. Healthy and natural environment, with satisfied and healthy citizens. It is the way of global development direction, although, probably these days this aspect pretty lag…

Health equity
Health equity is achieved when every person has the opportunity to attain his or her full health potential and no
Healthy community
One that is continuously creating and improving those physical and social environments and expanding those community resources...
Hyper-local data 
Hyper-local data refers to the data that is more specific and relates to a smaller geographical area than 'local' data.
Heat pump
Heat pumps take heat energy from water, the ground, or the air, bring it to a usable temperature, and transfer

I – like Individual

The individual does not mean separate. Smart Cities should open the possibility for individual ideas with the collective support of the idea application. In history, all inventions have been found mainly by individuals.

Integrated city operations
Combined and compatible operation of different city systems and exchange of data and information with the aim of achieving more
State where things, for example, objects, environments, vehicles, and clothing have more and more information associated with them and may...
Information and Communications Technology (ICT) refers to the integration of telecommunications, computers, and associated enterprise...
Internet of Things (IoT)
Internet of Things (IoT) is a generic term for a network of infrastructures, devices, and other objects that can interact
Refers to the combination of multiple modes of transport in a seamless travel chain, e.g. traveling to the rail or
Indicator structure of the Framework Strategy
Indicators are parameters based on measurable proxy values to describe subject matter that is otherwise hard to grasp.

J – Joy

Did you ever make something important or interesting without the Joy of that? Impossible. Great things are born only when the individual or collective feel Joyful. Smart Cities’ strategy should follow this development constraint.

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K – Key

The Key of Smart City is the highest quality of infrastructure, the most natural environment, the most sustainable usage of resources, and the happiest citizens living in the city.

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L – like Liology

Liology, or often also called Li is a Chinese ancient study about the geometry of nature. This geometry should be used in future cities development as it is self-organized, the most efficient, and with the lowest energy consumption. Everything in nature is constructed in the logic of these geometry principles.

Living alleyways
Living alleyways are narrow, low-volume traffic streets that focus on livability instead of parking and traffic.
Living labs
Living labs embody a research concept, often collocated in a user-centered, territorial context (e.g., a city or region) that examines...
Light pollution
Refers to the brightening of the night sky by artificial light sources, which can negatively impact flora and fauna and

M – like Matter

In the current strategies this is not an aspect of the discussion, although, with the transition of human-thinking in quantum logic, the matter and anti-matter should become part of Smart Cities development logic.

Municipal CIO
The CIO is responsible for collecting the city’s information, and making it available to decision-makers, residents, and partners.
Municipal services
Services that municipalities provide depend partly on the size of the town or city but typically include a school system,
Refers to the routine use of different modes of transport for different journeys over a specific period, which usually varies
Mobility platform
Internet-based platforms allow transport providers to be accessed at any time. From basic travel information and booking through to...
Mobility-as-a-service (MaaS)
Refers to the increasing availability of mobility solutions that are consumed as a service. Usually, this entails choosing from a
The urban microclimate is the climate of the city or a small area of it, which directly impacts local people.
Material passport
A digital tool that provides information about the material composition of buildings and the quality and quantity of the materials

N – like Neutral

Neural systems from the micro and macro perspective are the decentralized system of organization and communication between units in cities, as well from a global perspective. It is the fastest connection between N-units.

Normalcy bias
The difficulty to comprehend the fact that a disaster is occurring. Two misconceptions work against this principle and lead to
Near-field communication (NFC)
Near-field communication (NFC) is a set of communication protocols that enable two electronic devices to communicate in short distance.
Nearly zero energy building standard
Nearly-zero-energy buildings are characterized by very low energy requirements, with a considerable share of these requirements covered...

O – like Open

A modern city development gets in the principles of open policies. the open and transparent approach gives the possibility to share lessons learned between cities and countries and gives an advantage of higher development speed.

Open Governance Strategy
Open government initiatives are “actions undertaken by the government, or by a single public institution, to achieve specific objectives in...
Organic Cities Network Europe
The network of several European cities and municipalities is committed to supplying urban populations with organic produce and promoting...

P – like Proactive

The proactive approach uses predictive models, these days with the application of machine learning and artificial intelligence tools. Proactive management of cities allows to make an action before, rather than reactive that’s more costly and with higher consumption of physical or mental resource energy.

Predictive analytics
Statistical and analytical techniques used to develop models that predict future events or behaviours. The form of these predictive models...
Personal Rapid Transit (PRT)
Vehicles are operated using a computer and can transport small groups of people using electric motors on lightweight tracks.
Platform as Service (PaaS)
A category of cloud computing services provides a platform to facilitate the development and management of digital applications.
Paris Agreement on Climate Action
The Paris Agreement, signed in 2015, is an agreement between 195 member states of the United Nations Framework Convention on

Q – Quantum

Future connection, communication, and interaction between elements of global infrastructure are in the quantum technologies and people progress on the quantum-based physical laws use in a commercial environment.

Quantum computing
Quantum computing is a type of computation that harnesses the collective properties of quantum states, such as superposition, interference, ...
Quality of life
A broad multidimensional concept that usually includes subjective evaluations of both positive and negative aspects of life.

R – like Responsible

Smart City project implementation relies on the responsible participation of every human being connected or even not connected in the process of global cities development.

Raw vs. processed data
Perhaps the greatest difference between data lakes and data warehouses is the varying raw vs. processed data structure.
Resilient city
One that has developed capacities to help absorb future shocks and stresses to its social, economic, and technical systems and
Responsibilities of City
Responsibilities City responsibilities are key domains within which city governments and their private sector partners provide services to...
This term defines energy sources that are constantly renewed or replenished and hence are permanently available. Renewables include sunlight

S – like Sustainable

Sustainable resource usage is the global strategy of production and consumption management. Sustainable cities are cities that are self-sufficient to operate with their own production and efficient external resource in/out cycle.

The sensor is an electronic component, module, or subsystem is used to detect events, triggers, or changes in the surrounding
Smartivist is a person who understands, supports, and promotes the positive features of Smart Cities and innovative gadgets implementation into
Sustainable Development Goals
In September 2015, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, comprising 17 universally..
Start-up ecosystem
A start-up ecosystem consists of all individuals and stakeholders involved in a company start-up, interacting as a system.
Spatial energy planning
Combines spatial planning and energy planning disciplines to ensure a stable, efficient, and environmentally sustainable energy supply.
Services of General (Economic) Interest
(SGI/SGEI) Prudent and reliable provision of public goods and services that entail a special responsibility for the community at large.
Secondary raw materials
Secondary raw materials are raw materials that are recovered from recycled waste. They serve as raw materials for new products

T – like Territorial

Continents, Territories, Countries, Cities, and Villages – all these segments participate in the global cities’ development strategy. Developing their infrastructure from a technology and social perspective.

Traffic adaptive lighting
With this type of smart street lighting, the brightness of the street lighting varies automatically based on real-time traffic flow
Transition town
The terms transition town, transition initiative, and transition model refer to grassroots community projects that aim to increase...
One connected technology solution that plays a significant role in the development of smart cities is vehicle telematics.

U – like Unique

Every city is unique and every city has it’s own historical, geo-cultural, infrastructure, and social specifics. All these aspects are part of tracking the smart cities’ infrastructure quality.

Urban regeneration
Integrated vision and action lead to the resolution of urban problems and which seeks to bring about a lasting improvement
Urban mining
Densely built-up urban areas are vast “repositories” or “banks” of raw materials. Urban mining is a concept for the systematic
Urban Heat Islands Strategic Plan
The Strategic Plan gives detailed descriptions of various possibilities for cooling urban heat islands. In addition, it contains precise...
Urban heat island effect
Urban settlement structures differ significantly from the surrounding rural areas in many respects, including climatic factors such...
Urban farming
Generic term for different types of primary food production in urban conurbations and their immediate hinterland...
Upcycling is the process of transforming waste products or (apparently) useless materials into brand new products. As opposed to...

V – like Virtual

Virtualization of cities’, industrials’, and infrastructure and resources give an advantage of extreme optimization of qualification management and bring cities, services, and product development speed. Deliver better products and services across continents.

Vibration energy
Vibration energy harvesting is the technique to scavenge energy from unwanted vibration occurrences in the environment.
A visionary is someone with a strong vision of the future. Since such visions aren't always accurate, a visionary's ideas
Vertical garden/farm
An alternative form of farming stretching from the ground up, with the ability to be built in areas with limited

W – like World

The world becomes smarter through technologies, innovation, but mainly through a consciousness of people by their natural evolution. People are getting smarter, and naturally, also cities and the environment around become better.

Wildlife corridors
Routes designed to facilitate the migration and free movement of wildlife in and around urban areas, i.e. green belts, land
Refers to the lack of diversity within environmental organizations, causing the needs of communities of color to not be represented.
A measure of the viability of a smart city application relating to economic competitiveness and productivity.

X – like Xenogeny*

Xeonegny – production of offspring completely unlike either parent. Smart Cities of the future relates to every of the next generation. Experiments in Smart Cities of these days develop a strategy for these, but mainly next generation. Smart Cities – it is education for better development of cities and the world.

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Y – like You

I and You are about the interaction and connection quality between us. Mental and physical interaction in human understanding is very similar to the organization of the macro-infrastructure of these days.

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Z – like Zero

Zero-emission, zero waste, zero-carbon, zero negative around us, and zero impact to the environment self-organized infrastructure are the environment keys of Smart Cities development strategy.

Zero energy city
A city with zero net energy consumption, meaning the total amount of energy used by the city on an annual
Zero Carbon Emissions
According to the targets set by the Paris Climate Agreement, there are only 29 years remaining to reach global net-zero


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