Moderatism is a form of government that tries to avoid extreme left and extreme right views by taking a politically moderate stance. Moderatism was a typically Enlightenment current in terms of its relationship to progress and its use of history to explain the formation of modern civilization. The very emergence of moderatism, which became a distinctive feature of the eighteenth-century Scottish Enlightenment, was linked to the question of attitudes toward England and that it had become apparent that moderate Christian doctrine was the foundation of the modern world.
Example of Moderatism
But a century after its emergence, in the middle of the 19th century, moderatism was gradually falling off the historical scene. Moderatism proved unsustainable and seemed too much of a compromise here, and also because, during its emergence, an active search for its Scottish past began. Perhaps the most outstanding merit of moderatism was that it did compete with the strong Presbyterianism, which was unable to offer an adequate response to the modernization challenges of the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries, with its rapid pace of urbanization and mass migration.
At the same time, its emergence and existence for a century demonstrated the democratic tendencies that, born of Enlightenment ideas, existed in Scotland. Although moderates represented a relatively narrow stratum, they were adherents of the most advanced European ideas. Moderatism somewhat softened Presbyterian principles to the demands of the times and, in the long run, promoted the interpenetration of English and Scottish cultures.