Compact city – An urban planning and urban design concept, which promotes relatively high residential density with mixed land uses.
Compact city – An urban planning and urban design concept, which promotes relatively high residential density with mixed land uses.
Carbon tax – A tax on fossil fuels, especially those used by motor vehicles, intended to reduce the emission of carbon dioxide
Cloud computing is a technology that provides access to computer resources over the Internet. There is no need to buy, store, and maintain physical equipment – the cloud provider does that. The user gets access to the management terminal, where the characteristics of virtual servers are configured and additional services are connected. The volume of […]
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a hypothetical AI that will not only be able to reproduce the maximum abilities of humans but even surpass them. Those who believe in ASI believe that it will acquire the power to penetrate human thoughts and feelings to subjugate them to its will. See Supermind: Futurologists’ scare stories or the […]
Apps (application programs) – Different programs are used to work with different types of information. The totality of software that allows solving various user tasks for processing different types of information without resorting to programming is called application software. Application software simplifies the interaction of the computer user with different types of information. Application programs […]
Aquaponics is a combined method of growing fish and plants together in a recirculating ecosystem using natural bacterial cycles to convert fish waste into plant nutrients. It is an environmentally friendly method that uses the best attributes of aquaculture and hydroponics without the need to add chemical fertilizers, discard water, or leachate. Aquaponics is a […]
What is alternative energy? Energy resources are divided into non-renewable and renewable according to their ability to be obtained quickly in the natural environment. Non-renewable resources include fossil fuels (oil, coal, natural gas), which are produced much more slowly than they are consumed. The definition of renewable resources is rather vague. This group includes various […]
Ecotourism is nature-based tourism that includes environmental education and awareness programs and is conducted by the principles of environmental sustainability. National Ecotourism Strategy Australia, Department of Tourism, Canberra, 1992. Why is ecotourism growing in popularity worldwide? The greatest volume of demand for nature tourism in the countries that supply tourists is noted in North America […]
Features of an eco-city. A sustainable, stable, or ecological city is built to minimize the negative impact on the environment. In such settlements, one tries to reduce water and energy consumption, and eliminate carbon dioxide air pollution and unreasonable heat emission. The word “eco-city” was first used in the book “The Berkeley Eco-City” by Richard […]
Autonomous cars are becoming a reality. There is less and less time left before we will be surrounded by a variety of vehicles with autonomous driving systems on a mass scale. According to forecasts, by 2030, more than half of the cars in the world will be equipped with autopilot systems. So it will not […]
Community-supported agriculture – a system in which a farm operation is supported by shareholders within the community who share both the benefits and risks of food production. If we want to meet the challenge of feeding a growing global population in a changing climate, we must change the entire “global food supply system. So say […]
Biodiversity characterizes the entire diversity of life forms on our planet. This is why it is also known as biodiversity and represents all the different multiple species of living organisms, plants, and animals, as well as the ecological systems to which they belong. If we count all the uncompensated work that nature does for our […]
What is cybersecurity? Cybersecurity works on the same principle as offline security, that is, it aims to protect users and their computer systems. In the real world, you can install video intercoms and locks on all your windows, but on the Internet, it’s not that simple. Internet scammers can gain access to your information in […]
What is Advanced encryption standard (AES) encryption? AES is a state-of-the-art data encryption standard. It is unparalleled in the level of security and protection it offers. Let’s understand what it is. AES is. Symmetric key encryption Block cipher. Symmetric and asymmetric encryption AES is a symmetric type of encryption. “Symmetric” means that it uses the […]
What is an electric vehicle? There are probably fewer and fewer people in today’s world who have never heard of this type of vehicle as an electric vehicle (or electric vehicle, EV). Electric cars are cars that are powered by one or more electric motors, which, in turn, are powered by rechargeable batteries or other […]
Chirps – Lighter, purpose-built protocols that allow “things” in the IoT to communicate and exchange information. They are designed for machine-to-machine communication and are efficient and extensible data frameworks that have an open-source structure, private data fields, and a simple checksum.
Advanced Message Queuing Protocol (AMQP) – is an open application layer protocol for message-oriented middleware with a focus on queuing, routing (P2P, PubSub), security and reliability.
Garden city – Intended to be a planned, self-contained community surrounded by “greenbelts”, containing proportionate areas of residences, industry, and agriculture. Garden city movement One of the movements that emerged in response to the terrible urban growth in Victorian Britain. The goals of the movement are articulated in Ebenezer Howard’s book To-morrow: A Peaceful Path […]
Edge Layer An architectural shift in IoT that breaks the norm of the traditional client-server model. The edge layer is the first layer that devices connect to before moving to the server. It is responsible for connecting devices and managing data collection and connections to the server.
Solar power is one of the largest alternative energy and renewable energy sources (RES) segments. Today, it is customary to distinguish between three main solar energy technologies: solar energy can be used to generate electricity (photovoltaics, PV), to obtain concentrated thermal energy for subsequent power generation (concentrated solar power, CSP), or direct heating of the […]
One of the widely used protocols for interaction between IoT devices (Internet of Things) or IoT devices and the external environment is a protocol CoAP – Constrained Application Protocol. Introduction CoAP protocol was created by The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Constrained RESTful Environments (CoRE) working group in June 2014. The standard of this protocol […]
Geofencing is a simple but very useful localization solution. This option creates certain zones, the crossing of which can be constantly monitored. For example, it is the area of warehouses, streets, or even countries. Crossing the boundaries of this zone is recorded in the TMS, and then we are notified accordingly. See what the applications […]
Dynamic pricing also referred to as demand-based pricing, is a pricing strategy in which flexible prices for products or services are based on current market demands. Dynamic pricing is a flexible approach to the revaluation of goods, based on the use of different pricing strategies and tactics, depending on various events occurring in the using […]
Low Impact Development (LID) has been defined as “development that, through its adverse environmental impacts, either enhances or does not significantly degrade the quality of the environment.” The relationship between potential developers and UK planning authorities since the 1980s has led to a multitude of unique, locally adapted developments, often using natural, local, and reclaimed […]
iBeacon technology is a promising development from Apple, designed to transmit a Bluetooth signal to devices within the range of Bluetooth beacons. This makes it possible to position objects indoors. It first appeared in 2013, but has already managed to win the recognition of business representatives. The essence of the system consists in installation of […]
Green camouflage, sometimes greenwashing, is a form of environmental marketing that makes extensive use of “green” PR and techniques that aim to mislead consumers about an organization’s or manufacturer’s environmental goals for a product or service and present them in a favorable light. The purpose of greenwashing is to obtain reputational and financial benefits […]
ADAS – Advanced Driver Assistance System – is a set of different algorithms that interact with the driver and help him to control the vehicle. ADAS aims to increase traffic safety by informing the driver and attracting his attention. Another result of implementing such systems is the low cost of using the fleet. The fewer […]
Environmental health is the study of how environmental factors can harm human health and how to identify, prevent, and control such effects. (University of Washington) The influence of the environment on human health is quite significant. Many diseases arise from atmospheric pollution, poor drinking water, and consumption of chemically treated food. Health depends 50% on […]
Application agents help address the lack of overhead for an end-to-end, peer-to-peer network in an IoT architecture. They help manage traffic, enable real-time response to changing IoT conditions, and deliver services to clients.
Green building – an environmentally sustainable building, designed, constructed, and operated to minimize the total environmental impacts. The ideology of green, positive or sustainable construction appeared in the United States and Western Europe back in the late 1970s, in the 1990s it gained particular popularity largely due to the famous UN conference in Rio de […]
First and last-mile – gaps in public transit require individuals to use other forms of transportation such as driving their car or riding their bike. What is micromobility? The term is used to describe short-distance travel solutions, usually the first or last kilometer of a trip. According to a study by the McKinsey Center for […]
A connected device (or smart device) is an electronic device, generally connected to other devices or networks, that can operate to some extent interactively and autonomously. These days, a smart device is generally defined as a device that contains one or more parameters of digital communication networks. Because digital communication requires the use of a […]
Global climate change adaptation – actions are taken to help communities and ecosystems cope with changing climate conditions. (UNFCCC) Climate change may be the greatest threat to the biodiversity of many, if not most, ecosystems. Therefore, the issue of adaptation to its changes is becoming increasingly vital and requires appropriate measures to be taken to […]
Green building materials – Composed of renewable and/or recycled materials, rather than nonrenewable resources. What kinds of green building materials are there? Building materials that are energy-efficient, sustainable, reusable, and that help and do not harm the planet are very important in the construction industry. Green building materials do one or more of the following: […]
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design LEED – is an ecology-oriented building certification program run under the auspices of the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC). Before the introduction of LEED, the construction industry had no established standard for defining what constituted an energy-efficient and environmentally friendly project. Since its introduction in 1998, the LEED system […]
Long-Distance Communication Protocols: used to designate universal radio frequencies for long distances for multi-generation wireless standards such as 2G, 3G, 4G and 4G LTE.
OSINT (open-source intelligence) is an intellectual discipline and a set of activities, tools, and methods for obtaining and analyzing information from open sources. It is applied to specific people, organizations, as well as events, and goals. In 1947, CIA analyst Ken Sherman reported that about 80% of the country’s information is collected from open sources […]
UNB network is a type of LPWAN pioneered by Telensa to connect smart city sensors and controls at low cost for the rapid integration of smart city applications.
Urban data platform – provides a cohesive digital environment for the aggregation of data across multiple geographic areas or civic functions of the city. Think of a single platform for collecting and sharing city data.
Real-time operating system RTOS: designed to guarantee the completion of a task within a certain time constraint. Often used in security systems and in building IoT devices. For example, smart energy meters need to connect to the cloud to transmit usage data, and building security systems need to communicate locally so that the door opens […]
Enterprise IoT (EIoT) refers to all devices that are used in enterprise and business environments, where they are typically part of more advanced automation solutions.
Quickly – done, proceeding, or occurring with promptness or rapidity.
Message protocols: a way of transferring and communicating information between devices, the cloud, and the data store. Different protocols are used for different outcomes.
Fleet Management: In IoT terms, fleet management deals with concepts such as automatic vehicle tracking. What is fleet management? Fleet management is the area of management that deals with the organization of fleet operations. A fleet manager is responsible for: Be responsible for the smooth operation of machinery. He must arrange for the prompt repair […]
Geo-tagging – this is the addition of geographic metadata to devices, which helps identify them on the network. Is a feature that allows you to mark photos and videos (video files less frequently) with coordinates that your mobile device calculates using built-in GPS or A-GPS modules. So, when using compatible software or uploading photos to […]
Global Marketing – marketing of global organizations that operate by treating the entire world as one big market. It assumes free movement of services, products, and labor, as well as material values based on the principle of “transparency” of state borders. The first step in its implementation is the realization of the project of a […]
Radio Frequency Identification: a technology that involves electromagnetic coupling and radio frequency to identify objects and people. It consists of three components: an antenna, a transceiver and a transponder.
last mileage problem a problem faced by transit agencies, how to get commuters to public transit without the use of individually owned automobiles.
Urbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban areas, the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas, and the ways in which each society adapts to the change. Is the growth of cities due to the movement of people from rural areas in search of better jobs and better […]
Smart grid – electricity network that uses ICT to integrate the actions of all users connected to it – generators, consumers and those that do both – in order to efficiently deliver sustainable, economic and secure electricity supplies. An enhanced electrical grid that uses analogue or digital technology to gather and act on information such […]
Sustainability – the maintenance and betterment of the ecological, social, and economic health of a city. “Sustainability” is a completely new model for the use of resources and the interaction between man and nature. The main goal is to build a new innovative environment with a society that cares about the environment. Sustainable development is […]
Device Control – the part of the Edge layer that provides a web abstraction so that a server or cloud application can be agnostic to the implementation of the devices it controls.
NB-IoT network for data transmission. Like LoRa or SigFox, it focuses on maximizing the efficiency of data transmission. The batteries in the devices can therefore last up to several years of operation. The network uses licensed bandwidth.
Management information system MIS – Information processing system that supports the decision-making of a community city or organization. MIS is a data processing system designed to supply internal and external information necessary for decision-making at all levels of management. In contrast to a simple data processing system, an information system has a broader base of […]
Monitoring – the act of periodically checking processes, equipment, and environment to detect any changes *NOTE: Checking can include process checks is the process of continuous surveillance of events in their dynamic development. This surveillance can be conducted for a specific purpose: for example, monitoring social networks for extremism or monitoring airline ticket sites to […]
Multi-modal transport – simply a system that facilitates various transport options, such as cycling, bus, light rail, train, ferry, or walking. Multimodal cargo transportation is the transportation of cargo using several modes of transport and the presence of transshipment points in the delivery chain. Multimodal transportation can include any operation for the delivery of cargo, […]
Yupcap – stands for Young Urban Professionals Who Can’t Afford Property. Yupcaps are usually in their 20s and early 30s. Though they tend to have good educations and bright futures, they have high amounts of debt, little credit history, and little saved, making it tough for lenders to lend to them
Application Programming Interface (API): the API can be used to connect different objects, data, and applications in the IoT. For such a connection to succeed, the communicating parties need to “comply” with certain conditions defined in APIs.
Joke – a short, humorous story with a word or phrase that ends it and causes laughter. Research into the ‘humor effect’ shows that humorous material is more memorable compared to non-humorous material. Why? Because we pay more attention to humorous things. And this means we remember them.
IIoT – from the English Industrial IoT. Loosely translated the Internet of Things is for industrial use. From the deployment of IoT in the industry, companies usually expect to improve production efficiency, higher productivity, and savings. It enables a higher degree of automation.
Edge Gateway is the connecting factor between analytical devices and cloud data processing and analysis. A virtual router that connects the external and internal network and offers services such as NAT, firewall, load balancer, and VPN. DHCP allows you to automatically assign IP addresses to virtual servers from predefined ranges. The Edge gateway is a […]
Bluetooth Low Energy – also known as Bluetooth 4.0, Bluetooth Smart, or Wibree. It is a variant of the traditional Bluetooth standard that features significantly lower power consumption. It operates at 2.4 GHz and is designed primarily for direct wireless communication between devices.
Smart connections – a vital component of a smart city, incorporating transportation, online access, technology, and community. With Smart Connect technology, the name says it all. When you connect a new device to your router, Smart Connect can intelligently identify the device, decide which band will give it the best connection, and connect it to […]
Keenness has a great ability to see clearly and understand. Very sensitive, responsive, or alert.
Joy the emotion of great delight or happiness caused by something exceptionally good or satisfying
Xenocurrency – a currency that trades in foreign markets. For example, Euros trade in American markets, making the Euro a xenocurrency.
Yield – the earnings are generated and realized on an investment over a particular period. Year to date (YTD) refers to the period extending from the beginning of the year to the present. In business, note that the beginning of the year is not always January 1; many companies have fiscal years beginning at other […]
Keeper – a person who owns or operates a business (usually used in combination): A person who assumes responsibility for another’s behavior:
Expert review – method and decision based on the personal opinion of the expert. The expert evaluation method is part of the vast field of the theory of decision-making, and expert evaluation itself is the procedure of obtaining an evaluation of a problem based on the opinion of specialists (experts) for subsequent decision-making (selection). In […]
Information collection methods Despite the huge variety of research methods and techniques, the general scheme of activities implemented in the framework of market research, simple and clear enough. The main sources of obtaining marketing information are: Interviews and surveys; Registration (observation); Experiment; Panel; Expert evaluation. Interviews (surveys) – finding out people’s position or getting a […]
The Japan External Trade Development Organization JETRO is an organization established by the Japanese government to promote mutual trade and investment between Japan and the rest of the world. Originally established in 1958.
Solar city – a city actively using solar energy to reduce or replace fossil fuels. An American energy company based in San Mateo, California, a subsidiary of Tesla. The company’s core services include the design, financing, and installation of solar energy systems. The company employs more than 13,000 people
living building – a concept that uses nature as the ultimate measuring stick for a building’s performance.
Low-Power Devices: electronics that have been designed to consume less energy than traditional devices. This is essential to the future success of the IoT because as sensors become more advanced, devices must be able to operate longer without relying on manual maintenance or data loss.
Logo – a specially designed original lettering of the full or abbreviated name of a company or a group of products of that company. Is an individual graphic mark (drawing), a typographic spelling of a brand, or a combination of a graphic mark and a typographic spelling. The purpose of a logo is to communicate […]
Predictive analysis – statistical techniques such as predictive modeling, machine learning, and data mining to analyze data and make predictions. Has become a very fashionable concept, and we will probably use it more and more often. Its use can help with production activities and more. It is also important for the supply chain. Let’s start […]
High albedo concrete is a special type of pavement that reflects more light than dark-colored materials due to its lighter color. This causes the concrete to have a lower surface temperature, resulting in less energy needed to cool surrounding buildings and less energy consumed by nighttime lighting.
Greenscape – an area of vegetation in an urban area set aside for aesthetic or recreational purposes. “The function of green spaces in cities is different: they cleanse the air of chemical pollution, have a positive effect on the urban climate, and reduce noise pollution. Another great advantage of urban green spaces is that they […]
A low-carbon city reduces its carbon footprint by focusing on renewable energy and mitigation measures. The “green” aspects of comprehensive stimulus programs Like all government plans for social and economic revitalization at all levels, comprehensive incentive programs are designed to help decarbonize cities. Urban investments can promote compact, integrated, multipurpose cities that reduce the distance […]
Embedded devices/systems: a computer with a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or electrical system. They are usually embedded as part of a complete installation.
Endpoint Device – An Internet-enabled endpoint device on a TCP/IP network.
Actuator – a mechanism that performs a physical task based on input from a connected system.
Home automation: a combination of hardware and software solutions that enable the control and management of electronics, appliances, and devices in the home. Problem Solving So, how do you solve this seemingly unsolvable problem? How to make the wiring and connections easily changeable? It turns out that there is a solution and it has been […]
Gateway: any point where information passes through devices on an IoT network. So it can be virtual software or real hardware such as a router. Is a router or some software that allows two or more independent networks with different protocols to communicate with each other. For example, it allows a node from a local […]
Open Standards for software interoperability, data and document formats *NOTE: According to the UK Government, an open standard will exhibit all of the following criteria: Collaboration – the standard is maintained through a collaborative decision-making process that is consensus-based and independent of any individual supplier; Transparency – the standard has a transparent decision-making process; Due […]
Connection Protection: the part of the Edge layer that is used to provide connectivity in case of network failure or poor Internet connectivity. CNP is a licensed security service that connects to network access points to protect WiFi users while maintaining WiFi performance.
biophilic design is an innovative method of design that incorporates elements of nature into modern design to help restore and preserve our innate need to affiliate with nature. Means “love of the living” – in interior design it means elements of nature organically woven into the room. For example, a bouquet of lily of the […]
Artificial (or machine) intelligence refers to intelligent devices that learn from external inputs, data, and past experiences using algorithms. Today, the term “AI” is widely used to refer to applications for complex tasks that previously could only be performed by humans, such as customer service or playing chess. It is often used synonymously with machine […]
Environmental justice is the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin, or income the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies.
equity – the absence of avoidable or remediable differences among groups of people, whether those groups are defined socially, economically, demographically, or geographically. In finance, the term has 5 meanings. Shares or any other securities evidencing an equity interest in a company. In a company’s balance sheet, it means the number of funds contributed by […]
Direct Messaging is a messaging mechanism in which the sender and receiver are connected by caches and can exchange messages that they do not receive but only forward (routing). A private channel of communication between users on any platform. Unlike public posts, private messages can only be seen by correspondence participants. There are two main […]
Bike share innovative transportation programs that are ideal for short-distance trips provided users the ability to pick up a bike at a self-serve station and return it at a different self-serve station will thin the system’s service area. In 2019, the GovTech market was worth $400 billion, and half of it was in the U.S. […]
Environmental racism is the disproportionate impact of environmental hazards on people of color. Environmental racism is a term coined by the environmental justice movement. It also has its origins in the United States throughout the 1970s and 1980s. The term is generally used to describe environmental injustices that occur in racial contexts, both in practice […]
Carbon neutral city – no net release of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, especially through offsetting emissions such as by planting trees.
Experience economy the next economy following the agrarian economy, the industrial economy, and the most recent service economy. The Experience Economy is the customer’s willingness to pay for emotion in a purchase. The term appeared after James Gilmore’s book of the same name was published in 1999. The book talks about the separation of impressions […]
Bicycle detection and actuation sensors at regular traffic signals to alert the controller of bicycle crossing demand on a particular approach.
Health disparities are preventable differences in the burden of disease,injury, violence, or opportunities to achieve optimal health that are experienced by people who have historically been made vulnerable by policies set by local, state, and federal institutions. Populations can be defined by factors such as race or ethnicity, gender, education or income, disability, geographic location, […]
Citizen-centric approach to the delivery of services based on solving the needs and challenges of the people they serve are used to increase public satisfaction, improve efficiency, and reduce costs.
Energy neutral the total amount of energy used on an annual basis is roughly equal to the amount of renewable energy created on the site. Energy-neutral design is any type of project that considers environmental conditions and low energy consumption in all phases of planning and production.
In the City as a Service (CaaS) model, city public services are expected to become more integrated, efficient, and user-centric.
Inclusivity an intention or policy of including people who might otherwise be excluded or marginalized, such as those who are handicapped or learning-disabled, or racial and sexual minorities. Diversity & Inclusion (D&I) is a corporate diversity and inclusion policy in which every employee is included in the company and their needs and interests are taken […]
The Green index is a process used to determine the amount of environmental impact a city has. The vegetation index is an important indicator in crop development analytics. Of the many benefits of vegetation indices in remote sensing, the accuracy of the data and the ability to monitor remotely are the main reasons for the […]
LPWAN Low Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN) is a type of wireless telecommunication wide area network. It facilitates long-range communications at a low bit rate between connected objects. This network is through which city infrastructure can communicate. Is an approach in radio communication used for devices and large wireless telemetry networks. It features low power […]
Instrumentation is a collective term for measuring instruments used for indicating, measuring, and recording physical quantities. Field of science and technology, a branch of mechanical engineering engaged in the development and production of measuring instruments, processing, and presentation of information, automatic and automated control systems. The main direction of the development of instrumentation is measuring […]
Smart networks a network that contains built-in diagnostics, management, fault tolerance, and other capabilities to prevent downtime and maintain efficient performance. Conscious interaction, or Smart Networking, helps to highlight the field beyond competition (be it resources, money, or attention) and to see how we can join forces, unlocking everyone’s potential. In looking for an answer […]
A zero-carbon city runs entirely on renewable energy; it has no carbon footprint and will in this respect not cause harm to the planet. A zero-carbon city runs entirely on renewable energy; it has no carbon footprint and in this respect does not harm the planet. Most of the world’s cities produce energy by burning […]
Waste-to-energy incineration of municipal solid waste that then uses the energy (in the form of heat) to produce electricity and/or steam for heating.
Urban ecology is the scientific study of the relation of living organisms with each other and their surroundings in the context of an urban environment. CITY ECOLOGY is the science of creating favorable conditions for human life in the city, which is achieved by landscaping, reducing and controlling pollution, and using the principles of ecological […]
Sense of place is either the intrinsic character of a place, or the meaning people give to it, but, more often, a mixture of both.
Rails to trails the conversion of a disused railway into a multi-use path. Such trails emerge from the organized transformation of abandoned railroad infrastructure into multifunctional recreational sites for walking, biking, and sometimes horseback riding. Passing through ancient neighborhoods and with attractive facilities along the way, they attract large numbers of visitors. Some of them […]
Greenway is a strip of undeveloped land near an urban area, set aside for recreational use of environmental protection.
An autonomous system is a system or network that gathers information determines the needs and issues a response or other machine to answer the call.
Open data – data that is freely available for everyone to use without copyright, patent, or other restrictions. The term first appeared in 1995. The modern principles of open data were formulated in 2007 at a meeting of Internet theorists and activists in San Francisco. Among the authors of these principles were Tim O’Reilly, a […]
Data Center is a high-tech space, the space of which is filled with telecommunication equipment and other devices, thanks to which the collection, storage, and processing of various information open up opportunities for users on the World Wide Web. The distinctive feature inherent in stable data centers is the reliability of construction, internal layout, and […]
Encryption – аunction of transforming data by the discipline of cryptography to make the data indecipherable to anyone other than the legitimate sender and receiver. *NOTE: As used in a network security context, encryption is usually accomplished by putting the data through any of several established mathematical algorithms developed specifically for this purpose.
Acute shocks – sudden, sharp events that threaten a city. Complex risk mechanisms A natural disaster during an infectious disease outbreak Natural disaster triggering an infectious disease outbreak
Environmentalism broad ideology concerned with protecting the environment. A social-environmental movement aimed at strengthening measures to protect the environment from the negative impact of human activity and to prevent the destruction of the environment.
Chicane is a series of alternating mid-block curb extensions or islands that narrow the roadway and require vehicles to follow a curing S-shaped path, which discourages speeding (traffic calming). Chicanes cal also creates new areas for landscaping and public space in the roadway.
Carbon footprint – the amount of carbon dioxide and other carbon compounds emitted due to the consumption of fossil fuels by a particular person, group, etc.
bike barometer – a device that uses sensors that are calibrated to be triggered by bikes, not cars or pedestrians, to count the number of bikes that ride daily, monthly, and/or yearly.
A green roof is a flat roof that may be systematically planted with, for example, varieties of sedum, moss, or grass,..
Artificial structure and technology designed to be green, i.e., green energy in preference to dirty (non-renewable, polluting) energy.
Today, almost half of the world’s population lives in cities and the number of urban residents is constantly increasing.
Bifurcation is applied to the mathematical study of dynamical systems; a bifurcation occurs when a small smooth change made to a system’s…
Biomimicry is the science of applying nature-inspired designs in human engineering and invention to solve human problems.
A city that contains abundant nature; care about, seek to protect, restore and grow this nature, and that strive to foster deep connections…
Equity lens is a process for analyzing the impact of the design and implementation of policies on under-served and marginalized…
Experiential design is designing products, processes, services, events, omnichannel journeys with a focus on the user experience.
Europe has a plan to become a technological and ecological leader in the world because, like many other countries China, Canada, India…
A community organization strategy for connecting local farmers with the community by creating a direct local market.
The use of information and communication technologies to improve the activities of public sector organisations. Some definitions restrict…
Statistical and analytical techniques used to develop models that predict future events or behaviours. The form of these predictive models…
Combined and compatible operation of different city systems and exchange of data and information with the aim of achieving more effective…
Agritecture is the art, science, and practice of incorporating agriculture into the built environment. The principles of the new typology…
Health equity is achieved when every person has the opportunity to attain his or her full health potential and no one is disadvantaged from..
Continuous delivery is an extension of continuous integration since it automatically deploys all code changes to the testing and…
Continuous innovation is modest, gradational, ongoing upgrades or enhancements of existing technologies or products; continuous innovation…
To keep up with the times and modern minimalist design that features spaciousness and easy maintenance, try to keep only the things you…
Data lakes and data warehouses are widely used for storing big data, but they are not interchangeable terms. A data lake is a vast pool of…
Perhaps the greatest difference between data lakes and data warehouses is the varying raw vs. processed data structure.
Vibration energy harvesting is the technique to scavenge energy from unwanted vibration occurrences in the environment.
Ambient energy refers to energy extracted with heat pumps from the environment (ground, air, and water) for space heating.
A visionary is someone with a strong vision of the future. Since such visions aren’t always accurate, a visionary’s ideas may either work…
Routes designed to facilitate the migration and free movement of wildlife in and around urban areas, i.e. green belts, land bridges.
Refers to the lack of diversity within environmental organizations, causing the needs of communities of color to not be represented.
Quantum computing is a type of computation that harnesses the collective properties of quantum states, such as superposition, interference, …
A broad multidimensional concept that usually includes subjective evaluations of both positive and negative aspects of life.
A measure of the viability of a smart city application relating to economic competitiveness and productivity.
An alternative form of farming stretching from the ground up, with the ability to be built in areas with limited soil space to grow crops.
With this type of smart street lighting, the brightness of the street lighting varies automatically based on real-time traffic flow data.
The terms transition town, transition initiative, and transition model refer to grassroots community projects that aim to increase…
One connected technology solution that plays a significant role in the development of smart cities is vehicle telematics.
One that has developed capacities to help absorb future shocks and stresses to its social, economic, and technical systems and infra…
One that is continuously creating and improving those physical and social environments and expanding those community resources…
A traffic control device, exclusively for bicycles, is used at an existing conventional traffic signal to improve safety, guidance,…
The difficulty to comprehend the fact that a disaster is occurring. Two misconceptions work against this principle and lead to decisional…
State where things, for example, objects, environments, vehicles, and clothing have more and more information associated with them and may…
Information and Communications Technology (ICT) refers to the integration of telecommunications, computers, and associated enterprise…
Food desert, also calls a food mile occurs when residents live more than one mile from a supermarket or large grocery store.
Integrated vision and action lead to the resolution of urban problems and which seeks to bring about a lasting improvement in…
Vehicles are operated using a computer and can transport small groups of people using electric motors on lightweight tracks.
A category of cloud computing services provides a platform to facilitate the development and management of digital applications.
A city with zero net energy consumption, meaning the total amount of energy used by the city on an annual basis is roughly equal to…
The sensor is an electronic component, module, or subsystem is used to detect events, triggers, or changes in the surrounding environment.
Responsibilities City responsibilities are key domains within which city governments and their private sector partners provide services to…
Near-field communication (NFC) is a set of communication protocols that enable two electronic devices to communicate in short distance.
Living alleyways are narrow, low-volume traffic streets that focus on livability instead of parking and traffic.
City 4.0 is about Digitalization. Digitalization will improve a city’s productivity, fast growth, and drive economic activities.
Hyper-local data refers to the data that is more specific and relates to a smaller geographical area than ‘local’ data.
Big data refers to the collection of data sets that are so large and complex that it’s difficult to capture, transfer, store, process, and…
An application programming interface (API) is a set of definitions, protocols, and tools for building application software and connect…
According to the targets set by the Paris Climate Agreement, there are only 29 years remaining to reach global net-zero emissions.
City 3.0: Building Compelling Smart City Business Cases, Smart People, Smart Economy, Smart Environment, Smart Government, Smart Living…
The City 2.0 reimagines the future. The abundance of Energy, Aesthetic look, Parks, Places to Socialize, Urban Gardening, Experience of Life.
The CIO is responsible for collecting the city’s information, and making it available to decision-makers, residents, and partners.
Services that municipalities provide depend partly on the size of the town or city but typically include a school system, police and fire…
Open government initiatives are “actions undertaken by the government, or by a single public institution, to achieve specific objectives in…
Smartivist is a person who understands, supports, and promotes the positive features of Smart Cities and innovative gadgets implementation into daily life.
Densely built-up urban areas are vast “repositories” or “banks” of raw materials. Urban mining is a concept for the systematic inventory…
The Strategic Plan gives detailed descriptions of various possibilities for cooling urban heat islands. In addition, it contains precise…
Urban settlement structures differ significantly from the surrounding rural areas in many respects, including climatic factors such…
Generic term for different types of primary food production in urban conurbations and their immediate hinterland…
Upcycling is the process of transforming waste products or (apparently) useless materials into brand new products. As opposed to…
In September 2015, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, comprising 17 universally..
A start-up ecosystem consists of all individuals and stakeholders involved in a company start-up, interacting as a system.
Combines spatial planning and energy planning disciplines to ensure a stable, efficient, and environmentally sustainable energy supply.
The sharing economy is often seen as a route to greater social responsibility and conservation of resources. The term refers to the community…
(SGI/SGEI) Prudent and reliable provision of public goods and services that entail a special responsibility for the community at large.
The primary focus of “sensitive urban renewal,” a successful Viennese model introduced nearly 40 years ago, has always been on affordable…
Secondary raw materials are raw materials that are recovered from recycled waste. They serve as raw materials for new products but differ…
This term defines energy sources that are constantly renewed or replenished and hence are permanently available. Renewables include sunlight
The Paris Agreement, signed in 2015, is an agreement between 195 member states of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate…
The network of several European cities and municipalities is committed to supplying urban populations with organic produce and promoting…
Open government data are data collected by the public administration – including, e.g., geodata, traffic data, and environmental, budget,…
Nearly-zero-energy buildings are characterized by very low energy requirements, with a considerable share of these requirements covered…
Refers to the routine use of different modes of transport for different journeys over a specific period, which usually varies between…
Internet-based platforms allow transport providers to be accessed at any time. From basic travel information and booking through to…
Refers to the increasing availability of mobility solutions that are consumed as a service. Usually, this entails choosing from a wide…
The urban microclimate is the climate of the city or a small area of it, which directly impacts local people. The urban microclimate…
A digital tool that provides information about the material composition of buildings and the quality and quantity of the materials they…
Living labs embody a research concept, often collocated in a user-centered, territorial context (e.g., a city or region) that examines…
Refers to the brightening of the night sky by artificial light sources, which can negatively impact flora and fauna and people’s health.
Internet of Things (IoT) is a generic term for a network of infrastructures, devices, and other objects that can interact with one another…
Refers to the combination of multiple modes of transport in a seamless travel chain, e.g. traveling to the rail or underground station…
Indicators are parameters based on measurable proxy values to describe subject matter that is otherwise hard to grasp.
Heat pumps take heat energy from water, the ground, or the air, bring it to a usable temperature, and transfer it into heating or hot…
The regional equivalent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). It is usually presented in nominal terms using the market prices of the respective…
Grey energy refers to the (considerable) amounts of energy consumed (and the respective “grey” CO2 emissions produced) over the entire…
These days, traditional forms of government are no longer sufficient to ensure effective use of the volume and variety of information…
The gender pay gap is the percentage difference between the average earnings of men and women.
Gender mainstreaming is a gender equality strategy. Differences in social status and structural inequalities between women and men are…
Gender budgeting is the finance policy tool of the gender mainstreaming strategy. It aims to incorporate a gender perspective at all levels…
Zones that are kept undeveloped provide inner-city districts with a circulating supply of fresh air. Development in these zones…
Final energy is the energy generated from converting primary energy sources, such as coal, lignite, crude oil, natural gas, hydropower,…
The EU-wide Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) was established in 2005. An emission allowance must be surrendered for every tonne of CO2….
The European Climate Alliance brings together 1,700 member municipalities and districts covering 26 European countries and various…
In concrete terms, e-government uses information and communication technologies (ICT) by public administrations, in combination with…
A sustainability indicator that shows the amount of land needed to support an individual’s lifestyle in terms of food, consumer goods…
Since demand for district heating is lower in the warm months of the year, redundant waste heat is fed through large, environment-friendly…
In district heating systems, the heat produced as a by-product of power generation and waste incineration is generally transported using…