This article collects short definitions about every aspect of the smart city, every new and innovative technology, solution, and principle that may be used in the development of our cities, our business, and maybe ourselves. Glossary, dictionary, terms.

Absolute in meaning related to smart cities is about to make things around cities and processes of infrastructure as closest to the absolute order as possible. 

An application programming interface (API) is a set of definitions, protocols, and tools for building application software and connect...
Autonomous system
An autonomous system is a system or network that gathers information determines the needs and issues a response or other
Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Artificial (or machine) intelligence refers to intelligent devices that learn from external inputs, data, and past experiences using algorithms. Today,
Application Programming Interface (API)
Application Programming Interface (API): the API can be used to connect different objects, data, and applications in the IoT. For
Application agents
Application agents help address the lack of overhead for an end-to-end, peer-to-peer network in an IoT architecture. They help manage
Autonomous vehicle
Autonomous cars are becoming a reality. There is less and less time left before we will be surrounded by a
Aquaponics is a combined method of growing fish and plants together in a recirculating ecosystem using natural bacterial cycles to
Apps (application programs) – Different programs are used to work with different types of information. The totality of software that
Artificial intelligence
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a hypothetical AI that will not only be able to reproduce the maximum abilities of humans

Bee is one of the most interesting self-organized structures in the world. This behavior makes bee smart with the most efficient infrastructure and communication with the lowest consumption of energy. Interesting, isn’t it?

Building Information Modelling (BIM)
An innovative digital modeling tool for planning, executing and managing a construction project across the project lifecycle.
Biophilic city
A city that contains abundant nature; care about, seek to protect, restore and grow this nature, and that strive to
Biomimicry is the science of applying nature-inspired designs in human engineering and invention to solve human problems.
Bifurcation is applied to the mathematical study of dynamical systems; a bifurcation occurs when a small smooth change made to
Bicycle detection and actuation
Bicycle detection and actuation sensors at regular traffic signals to alert the controller of bicycle crossing demand on a particular
Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE)
Bluetooth Low Energy – also known as Bluetooth 4.0, Bluetooth Smart, or Wibree. It is a variant of the traditional
Biodiversity characterizes the entire diversity of life forms on our planet. This is why it is also known as biodiversity

The cycle is the most important part of continuous development. Doing things in a cycle cause a repetitive effect that allows improving innovation. Cycle allows continuously remove problems caused by changes of the previous cycle.

Carbon budget (emissions planning)
Because greenhouse gases remain in the atmosphere for a very long time (several hundred years in the case of CO2...
Carbon neutral (or climate neutral)
Carbon-neutral or climate-neutral actions and processes cause no greenhouse gas (carbon) emissions or the emissions they produce...
Circular Economy
A circular economy is based on the principles of designing out waste and pollution, keeping products and materials in use,
Clean Energy Package for All Europeans
The legislative package agreed by the EU comprises a series of key energy and climate policy regulations: a new version
CO2 (Carbon dioxide)
Carbon dioxide, the most important greenhouse gas, mainly results from the incineration of fossil fuels, coal, petroleum, and natural gas.
City 4.0
City 4.0 is about Digitalization. Digitalization will improve a city's productivity, fast growth, and drive economic activities.

As deepest is the participation of three key parties in the development of their city, so better the quality of final results is. The key participant of Smart City development committee is Government, Citizens, and Business.

Decarbonization pathway
Describes the processes involved in transitioning to a low-carbon – and ultimately zero-carbon – economy and includes carbon-saving...
Deep geothermal energy
The utilization of the natural heat found beneath the earth’s surface at depths of between 400m and several thousand meters.
Deep Learning and Machine Learning
Machine learning is an application of artificial intelligence which develops algorithms that can learn and improve from “experience .”
Digital building technology
Also known as Smart building technology or Building automation. Building technology refers to equipment used to control and regulate...
Digital twin
Digital twins are virtual simulations of physical objects and systems. They model the properties and behavior of these real-world objects...
District heating
In district heating systems, the heat produced as a by-product of power generation and waste incineration is generally transported using...
District cooling
Since demand for district heating is lower in the warm months of the year, redundant waste heat is fed through
Data lake
Data lakes and data warehouses are widely used for storing big data, but they are not interchangeable terms. A data
Digital government
The use of information and communication technologies to improve the activities of public sector organisations. Some definitions restrict...

The environment in Smart Cities is the natural part of the planet. To make the city sustainable and citizens life quality on the highest possible level, the environment is the key part with the most sensitive monitoring.

Ecological footprint
A sustainability indicator that shows the amount of land needed to support an individual’s lifestyle in terms of food, consumer
In concrete terms, e-government uses information and communication technologies (ICT) by public administrations, in combination with...
EU Emissions Trading System
The EU-wide Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) was established in 2005. An emission allowance must be surrendered for every tonne
Equity lens
Equity lens is a process for analyzing the impact of the design and implementation of policies on under-served and marginalized...
Environmentalism broad ideology concerned with protecting the environment. A social-environmental movement aimed at strengthening measures to protect the environment from
equity – the absence of avoidable or remediable differences among groups of people, whether those groups are defined socially, economically,
Endpoint device
Endpoint Device – An Internet-enabled endpoint device on a TCP/IP network.
Embedded Device/Systems
Embedded devices/systems: a computer with a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or electrical system. They are usually embedded as
Expert review
Expert review – method and decision based on the personal opinion of the expert. The expert evaluation method is part

Smart Cities development is a step in the evolution of cities to deliver higher life quality to citizens. When life comfort is on a higher level, people are more conscious and friendly. The key aspects of the global piece.

Final Energy Consumption
Final energy is the energy generated from converting primary energy sources, such as coal, lignite, crude oil, natural gas, hydropower,...
Fresh air corridor
Zones that are kept undeveloped provide inner-city districts with a circulating supply of fresh air. Development in these zones...
Food desert
Food desert, also calls a food mile occurs when residents live more than one mile from a supermarket or large
Fleet Management
Fleet Management: In IoT terms, fleet management deals with concepts such as automatic vehicle tracking. What is fleet management? Fleet

Global Smart Cities strategy to open the possibility to learn from lessons of other cities. The global strategy of Smart Cities is the most effective tool to reach environmental sustainability in minimal time consumption.

Gender pay gap
The gender pay gap is the percentage difference between the average earnings of men and women.
Grey energy
Grey energy refers to the (considerable) amounts of energy consumed (and the respective “grey” CO2 emissions produced) over the entire...
Gross Regional Product
The regional equivalent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). It is usually presented in nominal terms using the market prices of
Green Deal
Europe has a plan to become a technological and ecological leader in the world because, like many other countries China,
Green roof
A green roof is a flat roof that may be systematically planted with, for example, varieties of sedum, moss, or
Green index
The Green index is a process used to determine the amount of environmental impact a city has. The vegetation index
Gateway: any point where information passes through devices on an IoT network. So it can be virtual software or real
Global marketing
Global Marketing – marketing of global organizations that operate by treating the entire world as one big market. It assumes
Green building materials
Green building materials – Composed of renewable and/or recycled materials, rather than nonrenewable resources. What kinds of green building materials

Smart Cities are healthy cities. Healthy and natural environment, with satisfied and healthy citizens. It is the way of global development direction, although, probably these days this aspect pretty lag…

Heat pump
Heat pumps take heat energy from water, the ground, or the air, bring it to a usable temperature, and transfer
Hyper-local data 
Hyper-local data refers to the data that is more specific and relates to a smaller geographical area than 'local' data.
Home automation
Home automation: a combination of hardware and software solutions that enable the control and management of electronics, appliances, and devices
Hybrid car
A hybrid car is a vehicle that is powered simultaneously by an internal combustion engine and an electric motor. In

The individual does not mean separate. Smart Cities should open the possibility for individual ideas with the collective support of the idea application. In history, all inventions have been found mainly by individuals.

Indicator structure of the Framework Strategy
Indicators are parameters based on measurable proxy values to describe subject matter that is otherwise hard to grasp.
Refers to the combination of multiple modes of transport in a seamless travel chain, e.g. traveling to the rail or
Internet of Things (IoT)
Internet of Things (IoT) is a generic term for a network of infrastructures, devices, and other objects that can interact
Information and Communications Technology (ICT) refers to the integration of telecommunications, computers, and associated enterprise...
State where things, for example, objects, environments, vehicles, and clothing have more and more information associated with them and may...
Integrated city operations
Combined and compatible operation of different city systems and exchange of data and information with the aim of achieving more
Instrumentation is a collective term for measuring instruments used for indicating, measuring, and recording physical quantities. Field of science and
IIoT – from the English Industrial IoT. Loosely translated the Internet of Things is for industrial use. From the deployment
iBeacon technology is a promising development from Apple, designed to transmit a Bluetooth signal to devices within the range of

Did you ever make something important or interesting without the Joy of that? Impossible. Great things are born only when the individual or collective feel Joyful. Smart Cities’ strategy should follow this development constraint.

JETRO Japan External Trade Organization
The Japan External Trade Development Organization JETRO is an organization established by the Japanese government to promote mutual trade and

The Key of Smart City is the highest quality of infrastructure, the most natural environment, the most sustainable usage of resources, and the happiest citizens living in the city.

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Liology, or often also called Li is a Chinese ancient study about the geometry of nature. This geometry should be used in future cities development as it is self-organized, the most efficient, and with the lowest energy consumption. Everything in nature is constructed in the logic of these geometry principles.

Light pollution
Refers to the brightening of the night sky by artificial light sources, which can negatively impact flora and fauna and
Living alleyways
Living alleyways are narrow, low-volume traffic streets that focus on livability instead of parking and traffic.
LPWAN Low Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN) is a type of wireless telecommunication wide area network. It facilitates long-range communications
low carbon city
A low-carbon city reduces its carbon footprint by focusing on renewable energy and mitigation measures. The “green” aspects of comprehensive
Logo – a specially designed original lettering of the full or abbreviated name of a company or a group of
Low-Power Devices
Low-Power Devices: electronics that have been designed to consume less energy than traditional devices. This is essential to the future
living building
living building – a concept that uses nature as the ultimate measuring stick for a building’s performance.
Long range communication protocols
Long-Distance Communication Protocols: used to designate universal radio frequencies for long distances for multi-generation wireless standards such as 2G, 3G,
Leadership in Energy LEED
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design LEED – is an ecology-oriented building certification program run under the auspices of the

In the current strategies this is not an aspect of the discussion, although, with the transition of human-thinking in quantum logic, the matter and anti-matter should become part of Smart Cities development logic.

Material passport
A digital tool that provides information about the material composition of buildings and the quality and quantity of the materials
Mobility platform
Internet-based platforms allow transport providers to be accessed at any time. From basic travel information and booking through to...
Municipal services
Services that municipalities provide depend partly on the size of the town or city but typically include a school system,
Municipal CIO
The CIO is responsible for collecting the city’s information, and making it available to decision-makers, residents, and partners.
Multi-modal transport
Multi-modal transport – simply a system that facilitates various transport options, such as cycling, bus, light rail, train, ferry, or
Monitoring (social)
Monitoring – the act of periodically checking processes, equipment, and environment to detect any changes *NOTE: Checking can include process
Management information system MIS
Management information system MIS – Information processing system that supports the decision-making of a community city or organization. MIS is
Messaging protocols
Message protocols: a way of transferring and communicating information between devices, the cloud, and the data store. Different protocols are

Neural systems from the micro and macro perspective are the decentralized system of organization and communication between units in cities, as well from a global perspective. It is the fastest connection between N-units.

Nearly zero energy building standard
Nearly-zero-energy buildings are characterized by very low energy requirements, with a considerable share of these requirements covered...
Near-field communication (NFC)
Near-field communication (NFC) is a set of communication protocols that enable two electronic devices to communicate in short distance.
NB-IoT network for data transmission. Like LoRa or SigFox, it focuses on maximizing the efficiency of data transmission. The batteries

A modern city development gets in the principles of open policies. the open and transparent approach gives the possibility to share lessons learned between cities and countries and gives an advantage of higher development speed.

Open Governance Strategy
Open government initiatives are “actions undertaken by the government, or by a single public institution, to achieve specific objectives in...
Open data
Open data – data that is freely available for everyone to use without copyright, patent, or other restrictions. The term
OSINT (open-source intelligence)
OSINT (open-source intelligence) is an intellectual discipline and a set of activities, tools, and methods for obtaining and analyzing information

The proactive approach uses predictive models, these days with the application of machine learning and artificial intelligence tools. Proactive management of cities allows to make an action before, rather than reactive that’s more costly and with higher consumption of physical or mental resource energy.

Paris Agreement on Climate Action
The Paris Agreement, signed in 2015, is an agreement between 195 member states of the United Nations Framework Convention on
Platform as Service (PaaS)
A category of cloud computing services provides a platform to facilitate the development and management of digital applications.
Personal Rapid Transit (PRT)
Vehicles are operated using a computer and can transport small groups of people using electric motors on lightweight tracks.
High albedo pavement
High albedo concrete is a special type of pavement that reflects more light than dark-colored materials due to its lighter

Future connection, communication, and interaction between elements of global infrastructure are in the quantum technologies and people progress on the quantum-based physical laws use in a commercial environment.

Quickly – done, proceeding, or occurring with promptness or rapidity.

Smart City project implementation relies on the responsible participation of every human being connected or even not connected in the process of global cities development.

This term defines energy sources that are constantly renewed or replenished and hence are permanently available. Renewables include sunlight
Responsibilities of City
Responsibilities City responsibilities are key domains within which city governments and their private sector partners provide services to...
Resilient city
One that has developed capacities to help absorb future shocks and stresses to its social, economic, and technical systems and
Raw vs processed data
Perhaps the greatest difference between data lakes and data warehouses is the varying raw vs. processed data structure.
Rails to trails
Rails to trails the conversion of a disused railway into a multi-use path. Such trails emerge from the organized transformation
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)
Radio Frequency Identification: a technology that involves electromagnetic coupling and radio frequency to identify objects and people. It consists of
Enterprise IoT (EIoT) refers to all devices that are used in enterprise and business environments, where they are typically part
Real-Time Operating System (RTOS)
Real-time operating system RTOS: designed to guarantee the completion of a task within a certain time constraint. Often used in

Sustainable resource usage is the global strategy of production and consumption management. Sustainable cities are cities that are self-sufficient to operate with their own production and efficient external resource in/out cycle.

Smart City terminus
Today, almost half of the world's population lives in cities and the number of urban residents is constantly increasing.
Secondary raw materials
Secondary raw materials are raw materials that are recovered from recycled waste. They serve as raw materials for new products
Start-up ecosystem
A start-up ecosystem consists of all individuals and stakeholders involved in a company start-up, interacting as a system.
Smartivist is a person who understands, supports, and promotes the positive features of Smart Cities and innovative gadgets implementation into
The sensor is an electronic component, module, or subsystem is used to detect events, triggers, or changes in the surrounding
Sense of place
Sense of place is either the intrinsic character of a place, or the meaning people give to it, but, more
Smart networks
Smart networks a network that contains built-in diagnostics, management, fault tolerance, and other capabilities to prevent downtime and maintain efficient
Solar city
Solar city – a city actively using solar energy to reduce or replace fossil fuels. An American energy company based

Continents, Territories, Countries, Cities, and Villages – all these segments participate in the global cities’ development strategy. Developing their infrastructure from a technology and social perspective.

One connected technology solution that plays a significant role in the development of smart cities is vehicle telematics.
Transition town
The terms transition town, transition initiative, and transition model refer to grassroots community projects that aim to increase...
Traffic adaptive lighting
With this type of smart street lighting, the brightness of the street lighting varies automatically based on real-time traffic flow

Every city is unique and every city has it’s own historical, geo-cultural, infrastructure, and social specifics. All these aspects are part of tracking the smart cities’ infrastructure quality.

Upcycling is the process of transforming waste products or (apparently) useless materials into brand new products. As opposed to...
Urban heat island effect
Urban settlement structures differ significantly from the surrounding rural areas in many respects, including climatic factors such...
Urban heat islands strategic plan
The Strategic Plan gives detailed descriptions of various possibilities for cooling urban heat islands. In addition, it contains precise...
Urban mining
Densely built-up urban areas are vast “repositories” or “banks” of raw materials. Urban mining is a concept for the systematic
Urbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban areas, the gradual increase in the proportion of people living
UNB network
UNB network is a type of LPWAN pioneered by Telensa to connect smart city sensors and controls at low cost

Virtualization of cities’, industrials’, and infrastructure and resources give an advantage of extreme optimization of qualification management and bring cities, services, and product development speed. Deliver better products and services across continents.

A visionary is someone with a strong vision of the future. Since such visions aren't always accurate, a visionary's ideas

The world becomes smarter through technologies, innovation, but mainly through a consciousness of people by their natural evolution. People are getting smarter, and naturally, also cities and the environment around become better.

A measure of the viability of a smart city application relating to economic competitiveness and productivity.
Refers to the lack of diversity within environmental organizations, causing the needs of communities of color to not be represented.

Xeonegny – production of offspring completely unlike either parent. Smart Cities of the future relates to every of the next generation. Experiments in Smart Cities of these days develop a strategy for these, but mainly next generation. Smart Cities – it is education for better development of cities and the world.

Xenocurrency – a currency that trades in foreign markets. For example, Euros trade in American markets, making the Euro a

I and You are about the interaction and connection quality between us. Mental and physical interaction in human understanding is very similar to the organization of the macro-infrastructure of these days.

Yupcap – stands for Young Urban Professionals Who Can’t Afford Property. Yupcaps are usually in their 20s and early 30s.

Zero-emission, zero waste, zero-carbon, zero negative around us, and zero impact to the environment self-organized infrastructure are the environment keys of Smart Cities development strategy.

Zero Carbon Emissions
According to the targets set by the Paris Climate Agreement, there are only 29 years remaining to reach global net-zero
Zero energy city
A city with zero net energy consumption, meaning the total amount of energy used by the city on an annual
Zero carbon city
A zero-carbon city runs entirely on renewable energy; it has no carbon footprint and will in this respect not cause